Richard Dubé et Margarida Garcia à Oñati / Richard Dubé and Margarida Garcia in Oñati

Mai et juin sont des mois de colloques pour les professeur(e)s et plusieurs étudiant(e)s de 2e et 3e cycles du département. Récemment, Richard Dubé (Professeur agrégé) et Margarida Garcia (Professeure agrégée) présentaient leurs travaux à l’Institut international de sociologie du droit à Oñati au Pays Basque, lors d’un colloque intitulé Linking Generations for Global Justice. Margarida y a présenté une communication intitulée “Leadership as a Tool for Justice and Legal Reform”. Pour sa part, Richard a présenté une communication intitulée “The Sphere of Ontological Reforms: Beyond Structural and Cultural Reforms of Legal Identities and Perceptions of Justice”. Nous joignons les résumés pour satisfaire votre curiosité jusqu’à la publication des articles qui en découleront sans doute.

May and June are conference months for the Department’s professors and many of our graduate students. Recently, Richard Dubé (Associate professor) and Margarida Garcia (Associate professor) presented their research at the Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law, in the Basque Country, during the Linking Generations for Global Justice conference. Margarida presented a paper titled “Leadership as a Tool for Justice and Legal Reform”. Richard presented a paper called “The Sphere of Ontological Reforms: Beyond Structural and Cultural Reforms of Legal Identities and Perceptions of Justice”. We’re adding the abstracts of their papers to give you an idea until they turn them into articles.

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Leadership as a Tool for Justice and Legal Reform

Margarida Garcia

Résumé/Abstract: Building on our previous empirical research with legal actors, we will address the topic of law reform by looking at courage and leadership as tools that are essential to produce meaningful changes in law. We propose to distinguish conceptually two ways of conceiving the law reform process, two epistemological postures that the reformer can adopt to think about the change of the criminal law. The first corresponds to "reform by contrast" and is characterized by being built from a given past. The second is deployed rather from a created future. We will then speak of "generative or transformative reform". This type of reform is characterized as the result of a coherent synchronization between innovations in the domain of ideas and innovations in the operational domain of practices and requires the courage to propose a utopian vision that is not oriented by the desire for coherence towards tradition.

The Sphere of Ontological Reforms: Beyond Structural and Cultural Reforms of Legal Identities and Perceptions of Justice

Richard Dubé

Résumé/Abstract: This contribution deals with the limits of structural and cultural reforms in sentencing and explores the need for an ontological reform. While structural reforms aim at improving a social system’s efficiency, and cultural reforms at questioning their cognitive foundations, ontological reforms target the being for human beings. As will be argued, any significant reform, legal or otherwise, requires a deeper understanding of such being, of its limits and potentialities. My contribution will rely on Heidegger’s work and terminology (underlined below) to develop three main ideas: beyond structure and culture, part of the problem with reforming modern sentencing can be attributed to (1) the being of key decision makers who have been thrown into the cultural sphere of the criminal justice system where they have inherited a they-self within which (2) one’s own-most-potential-being has been lost, and can only be brought back from its lostness (3) through the call of conscience.

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