Professor Piché awarded a SSHRC Insight Grant to study punishment memorialization in Canadian penal history museums

Photo of "Kidzone" at the Ontario Provincial Police Museum in Orillia, Ontario, Canada (credit: Matthew Ferguson, 2015)

Photo of "Kidzone" at the Ontario Provincial Police Museum in Orillia, Ontario, Canada (credit: Matthew Ferguson, 2015)

Justin Piché (Associate Professor, Criminology, University of Ottawa) and Kevin Walby (Associate Professor, Criminal Justice, University of Winnipeg) have been awarded an Insight Grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).  This funding will support research assistants and field research conducted from 2017 to 2022 as part of a study entitled "A Culture of Justice? Meanings of Penality in Canadian Police, Courthouse and Prison Museums".  To learn more about the project, download the proposal summary.

Professeure Côté-Lussier est collaboratrice sur un nouveau projet financé par le CRSH / Professor Côté-Lussier is collaborating on a new SSHRC-funded study

Les pratiques pénales au Canada : vers un virage punitif des tribunaux?

Professeure Carolyn Côté-Lussier travaillera au sein d’une nouvelle équipe de recherche dédiée à la question du « virage punitif » des tribunaux canadiens. La stabilité des taux d’incarcération au Canada soulève un questionnement quant à savoir si les changements législatifs punitifs des dernières années ont eu l’effet désiré.  Le projet, subventionné par le Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines (CRSH) et mené par Chloé Leclerc (Centre International de Criminologie Comparée, Université de Montréal), cherchera à étudier l’évolution des pratiques pénales au Canada entre 2000 et 2015. Pour en savoir plus, vous pouvez contacter Professeure Côté-Lussier. 

Penal practices in Canada: Are the courts harsher?

Professor Carolyn Côté-Lussier will be working with a new team of researchers investigating whether there is “punitive” trend in Canadian courts and judicial decisions. Canada’s relatively stable incarceration rates bring into question whether punitive policies introduced in recent years have had their desired effect. The project, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and led by Chloé Leclerc (International Centre for Comparative Criminology, Université de Montréal), will investigate changes in Canadian penal practices between 2000 and 2015. To find out more about the research, please contact Professor Côté-Lussier. 

David Moffette's study cited in an op-ed - Une étude de David Moffette citée dans un texte d'opinion

Une étude de 2015 de David Moffette sur la collaboration entre la police de Toronto et l’Agence des Services Frontaliers du Canada (ASFC) est citée dans un texte d’opinion de l’ancien directeur de la Commission des Services Policiers de Toronto dénonçant le non-respect de la politique Accès Sans Peur pour les immigrants à statuts précaires. L’étude conclue que la police de Toronto a contacté l’ASFC plus de 3200 fois durant une période de huit mois et que plus de 80% des appels étaient pour vérification du statut d’immigration.

A 2015 study by David Moffette on collaboration between the Toronto police and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) was cited in an op-ed by the former chair of the Toronto police denouncing the police’s violation of the city’s Access Without Fear Policy for immigrants with precarious status. The study found that the Toronto police contacted the CBSA more than 3,200 times in an eight-month period, and more than 80% of those calls were checks of immigration status.

Innocence Ottawa hosted their 4th Annual General Meeting and Conference on March 29

On 29 March 2017, Innocence Ottawa hosted their 4th Annual General Meeting/Conference entitled: “Forensic Pathology and Wrongful Convictions: Testimonies from an Expert and an Exoneree. Dr Christopher Milroy, Forensic Pathologist and Maria Shepherd, a recent exoneree addressed the consequences of inadequate oversight of expert testimony in the criminal justice system. The problematic expert evidence and testimony of the former Dr. Charles Smith led to countless wrongful convictions; Dr. Milroy served on the panel that reviewed many of Smith’s errors, whereas Maria Shepherd was one of Smith’s victims.  

Dr. Christopher Milroy, a Professor at the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Medicine, specializes in the field of forensic pathology and explained the evolution of the pediatric and forensic pathologists oversight process, their role in the criminal convictions and the faulty expert evidence of Charles Smith. During the 1990’s, Smith worked as a pathologist whose inadequate training led to many errors and misdiagnoses that in turn resulted in a number of wrongful convictions. A coroner’s review reopened Smith’s autopsies and discovered that “Twenty of forty-five cases were misdiagnosed. Thirteen of those cases resulted in criminal convictions.” As Dr. Milroy expressed “[Smith] didn’t understand basic pathology concepts and he practiced in isolation. [In the courtroom, however] he was an impressive witness and difficult to cross-examine.”  Shortly after the Coroner’s Review, the Inquiry into Pediatric Forensic Pathology in Ontario, lead by Justice Stephen Goudge concluded in 2008 that many of Smith’s findings were incorrect and void of medical accuracy.  The many recommendations from the Goudge Inquiry have drastically changed the practice of pediatric forensic pathology in the province of Ontario.

Maria Shepherd was caught up in Smith’s errors and on October 1st, 1992, she plead guilty to manslaughter in the death of her three-year-old stepdaughter. In 2016, twenty-four years later, Maria was finally exonerated.  Her wrongful conviction came about due to a number of factors, including faulty expert evidence, the effects of the Reid interrogation technique and a false confession. Maria shared her painful and difficult journey with the students present at the meeting; she had little choice but to enter a guilty plea if she wanted to see her other children grow up.  Maria’s case illustrates the problems when expert testimony goes unchallenged and when experts act as a “hand of the prosecution.” The 4th Annual General Meeting/Conference of Innocence Ottawa allowed for a passionate discussion about how miscarriages of justice can result from an overreliance on faulty forensic testimony and the importance of future advocates in the criminal justice system to be vigilant to how such errors can occur.   

Professors from the University of Ottawa contribute to a book - Des professeurs de l’Université d’Ottawa contribuent à un ouvrage

Le travail du professeur Irvin Waller a récemment été mis en lumière dans un ouvrage original qui présente des profils révélateurs et des récits rédigés à la première personne par les hommes et les femmes qui ont façonné la criminologie canadienne depuis l’époque coloniale jusqu’à aujourd’hui. Les contributions des professeurs Holly Johnson et Ross Hastings sont également mentionnées dans ce livre qui aborde l’évolution de la criminologie depuis l’époque coloniale jusqu’à aujourd’hui.

Ce livre unique, édité par John Winterdyk de l’Université Mount Royal, comprend des récits intrigants rédigés par Patricia L. Brantingham et Paul J. Brantingham, Ezzat Fattah, Arlène Gaudreault, Jim Hackler, Marc LeBlanc, Irvin Waller et Jo-Anne Wemmers, fournissant au lecteur un accès privilégié à l’évolution de la criminologie et des disciplines connexes, notamment la justice pénale, la victimologie, ainsi que l’étude des services correctionnels et de la police. Par ailleurs, les contributions de nombreux autres pionniers sont également présentées parmi les contributions des intellectuels reconnus; celles-ci incluent des sommités du domaine comme Jean-Paul Brodeur, Anthony Doob, Richard Ericson, Tadeusz Grygier, Gwynne Nettler, André Normandeau, Dennis Szabo et plusieurs autres.

Quatre chapitres thématiques ajoutent davantage de valeur et d’intérêt à l’ouvrage : Ritesh Dalip Narayan discute des pionniers du système juridique canadien, Joshua Murphy et Curt Taylor Griffiths examinent les principaux contributeurs des études de la police et des pratiques policières, Rick Ruddell fournit un aperçu des figures importantes de correction, tandis que Steven Kohm et Michael Weinrath abordent le développement et la prolifération des programmes de criminologie et de justice pénale au niveau post-secondaire. Lisa Monchalin a contribué à un préambule instructif pour ce volume révolutionnaire qui promet d’intéresser les étudiants, les universitaires et les praticiens.

Professor Irvin Waller’s work was recently highlighted in a unique book that presents insightful profiles and first-person accounts of the men and women who have shaped Canadian criminology and criminal justice from colonial times to the present. The contributions of professors Holly Johnson and Ross Hastings are also mentioned in this book which discusses the evolution of criminology and related disciplines.

This unique book, edited by John Winterdyk of Mount Royal University, includes intriguing memoirs by Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, Ezzat Fattah, Arlène Gaudreault, Jim Hackler, Marc Le Blanc, Irvin Waller, Jo-Anne Wemmers, providing a ringside seat to the evolution of criminology and related disciplines and sub-disciplines, including criminal justice, victimology, and the study of corrections and policing. In addition, the contributions of numerous other pioneers are also profiled in contributions by respected scholars; these include such giants of the field as Jean-Paul Brodeur, Anthony Doob, Richard Ericson, Tadeusz Grygier, Gwynne Nettler, André Normandeau, Dennis Szabo, and many others.

Adding further value and interest are four thematic chapters: Ritesh Dalip Narayan discusses pioneers of the Canadian legal system, Joshua Murphy and Curt Taylor Griffiths examine key contributors to the study and practice of policing, Rick Ruddell provides an overview of important figures in corrections, while Steven Kohm and Michael Weinrath consider the development and proliferation of programs in criminology and criminal justice at the post-secondary level. Lisa Monchalin has contributed an insightful foreword to this ground-breaking volume, which promises to be of interest to students, scholars, and practitioners alike.

 

“As academic disciplines, Canadian criminology and criminal justice have a rich and varied albeit compara­tively short history. It was just over 50 years ago that the first criminol­ogy program was established at the Université de Montréal. But until now, aside from tributes occasioned by the passing of key academics and practitioners and the odd Festschrift, we have had no consoli­dated account of the legacy of the pio­neers who have helped forge these disci­plines.” —from the Introduction by John Winterdyk

“As academic disciplines, Canadian criminology and criminal justice have a rich and varied albeit compara­tively short history. It was just over 50 years ago that the first criminol­ogy program was established at the Université de Montréal. But until now, aside from tributes occasioned by the passing of key academics and practitioners and the odd Festschrift, we have had no consoli­dated account of the legacy of the pio­neers who have helped forge these disci­plines.”
—from the Introduction by John Winterdyk

#NOPE Initiative submits report on carceral expansion to the Senate Standing Committee on Human Rights

As part of their work with the No On Prison Expansion / #NOPE Initiative, graduate students Teneisha Green, Jasmine Hébert and Ana Kovacic, along with Justin Piché (Associate Professor, Criminology, University of Ottawa), submitted a report on carceral expansion to the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights who are currently conducting a "Study on the issues relating to the human rights of prisoners in the correctional system".  They will present their report to the committee in May 2017.

The report calls upon the federal government to enact a prison construction moratorium, while divest from carceral expansion and reinvesting in Canadian communities to build capacity for restorative and transformative justice.  To learn more about the #NOPE Initiative, download their report and consult their petition.

Journée d'écriture à venir - Upcoming writing day

Hello fellow MA and PhD criminology students.

The date of the last writing day for 2016-2017 academic year

Tuesday, april 25th, 2017

9h30am to 4h30pm

Alex Trebek Alumni Hall, Canada Life room

157 Seraphin Marion

Please plan to bring all of your stuff (laptop, books and papers, and lunch) to avoid having to leave during the writing day. Drinks, coffee, tea and cookies will be provided.

*Please, bring your own mug*

Hope to see you at the writing day!

Michèle Diotte and Véronique Strimelle

 

Bonjour chères-chers doctorantes et doctorants et chères-chers étudiantes et étudiants à la maîtrise en criminologie.

La date de la dernière journée d’écriture pour l’année académique 2016-2017

Mardi, 25 avril 2017

De 9h30 à 16h30

Pavillon Alex Trebek, salle Canada Vie

157 Séraphin Marion

Nous vous demandons de prévoir tout ce dont vous avez besoin (portable, livres et documents et lunch pour le dîner) afin d’éviter de quitter durant la journée d’écriture. *SVP, amenez votre propre tasse*

Au plaisir de partager ce temps d’écriture avec vous!

Michèle Diotte et Véronique Strimelle

Conférence prononcée par Maira Machado ce vendredi - Conference pronounced by Maira Machado this Friday

The Canada Research Chair in Legal Traditions and Penal Rationality in collaboration with the CIRCEM invite you to assist a conference given by Maira Machado this Friday, April 7th 2017 from 2pm to 5pm at the FSS building Room 5028. Maira Machado is a criminal lawyer, professor since 2004 at the Law School of the Getúlio Vargas foundation in São Paulo (Brazil).

Her conference is entitled : «Radical punishment and construction of severity in the case of Carandiru» (Conference will be presented in English, but Q/A`s will be bilingual).

Carandiru is a Brazilian prison where 25 years ago a slaughter lead to the death of 111 prisoners during the brutal intervention of the military police to end this riot.

 

La Chaire de recherche du Canada en traditions juridiques et rationalité pénale en collaboration avec le CIRCEM vous invitent à venir assister à la conférence que prononcera Maira Machado, vendredi le 7 avril 2017, de 14 h à 17 h, au FSS 5028. Maíra Machado est une juriste pénaliste, professeure depuis 2004 à l’École de Droit de la Fondation Getúlio Vargas à São Paulo (Brésil).

Sa conférence aura pour titre : «Radical punishment and construction of severity in the case of Carandiru» (la conférence sera présentée en anglais, mais l’événement - questions/réponses - sera entièrement bilingue).

Carandiru est une prison brésiliennedans laquelle, il y a 25 ans, a eu lieu un massacre qui s’est soldé par la mort de 111 prisonniers pendant l’intervention brutale de la police militaire pour mettre fin à une émeute.

Open session on "The Public Scholar in the New Media Landscape" being held on-campus tomorrow

Thursday, April 6, 2017
Special Open Session of CRM 6380
Public Criminology: The Public Scholar in the New Media Landscape

Featured Visitor:
Robert Cribb, Senior Investigative Journalism, Toronto Star;
Journalism Instructor, Ryerson University and
Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.

Professor:
Michael Kempa, Criminology, University of Ottawa

Robert Cribb is one of Canada’s most awarded investigative journalists and an instructor in investigative journalism at both Ryerson University and the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. His penetrating work delves into such criminological issues as government corruption, assisted suicide, police abuse of authority, and white collar crime:https://www.thestar.com/authors.cribb_robert.html

Mr. Cribb is collaborating with Prof. Michael Kempa to build new ways for scholars and depth journalists to conduct and communicate research in the public interest.  The basic premise behind their collaboration is that academics often have the data and insights necessary to inform depth journalism, while skilled journalists have the story telling and legal expertise necessary to get the message to the public. As such, collaboration from the inception of research projects – right from the design phase - will serve the missions of scholars and journalists very well.

On Thursday, 06 April, Mr. Cribb will present a special open seminar on the future of media-scholar collaboration, reflecting on projects he has run and is currently a part of, in this regard. 

The class takes place between 2:30-5:30pm: the open session takes place from 2:30-3:50pm (MRT 218); the second half of the session from 4pm-5:30 (FSS 14005) would involve direct work with the students registered in the class on their particular projects.

David Moffette intervient sur le projet d'adoption d'une politique de Ville sanctuaire à Ottawa

David Moffette s'est joint à une trentaine d'employé.e.s de première ligne (de refuges, services pour femmes victimes de violence, etc.), d'avocats, de syndicats, et de groupes religieux pour défendre le projet d'adopter une politique de ville sanctuaire à l'Hôtel de Ville hier. Cette politique vise à garantir l'accès aux services municipaux à tous et toutes, sans égard au statut d'immigration. Vous pouvez consulter un extrait d'entrevue à Radio-Canada ici. Recent English coverage on TVO can be found here.

 

Justin Piché donnera la conférence d’ouverture durant une journée d’études sur la patrimonialisation des lieux d’enfermement à l’Université de Rennes II en avril

Le but de cette journée d’études réunissant des chercheur.e.s de diverses disciplines (histoire, sociologie et criminologie) est de faire le point sur les travaux menés sur la patrimonialisation des lieux d’enfermement et des systèmes répressifs et sur les perspectives ouvertes par ce champ encore neuf dans l’espace francophone, à l'occasion notamment de la parution de The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Tourism (dir. par Jacqueline Wilson, Sarah Hodgkinson, Justin Piché et Kevin Walby). La journée est organisée autour de trois axes : 1. mémoire et commémoration ; 2.  patrimonialisation et muséographie ; 3. pratiques touristiques et publics.  Cliquez ici pour plus de renseignements concernant cet événement organisé par Fanny Bugnon, Sophie Le Coq et Gwénola Ricordeau.

Colloque annuel du CIRCEM sur la « normativité » et la « critique » en sciences sociales

Le Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche sur la citoyenneté et les minorités (CIRCEM) tient son colloque annuel ayant pour thème « Pour repenser les discours sur la ''normativité'' et la ''critique'' en sciences sociales ». 

L'événement a lieu au pavillon des diplômés Alex-Trebek et dans le bâtiment de la Faculté des sciences sociales du 9 au 11 avril 2017. Cet événement est gratuit et l'inscription est nécessaire.

Inscription au pcorrive@uottawa.ca avant le 31 mars 2017.

L’ambition de ce projet est de contribuer à l’élucidation de deux grands thèmes « problématiques » qui se renvoient souvent l’un à l’autre et qui posent des difficultés sérieuses tant aux étudiants d’études supérieures qu’aux professionnels et chercheurs chevronnés : le thème de la « normativité » et le thème de la « critique ». Nous avons sélectionné deux grandes questions pour les structurer : (1) « Qu’est-ce que signifie être normatif ? » et (2) « Qu’est-ce que signifie être critique ou y a-t-il une forme privilégiée de critique ou un lieu privilégiée pour faire la critique ? ».

Organisé par Alvaro Pires (CIRCEM, Professeur titulaire, Criminologie, Université d’Ottawa), Patrice Coriveau (Professeur titulaire, Département de criminologie, Université d’Ottawa), et Lukas Sosoe (Professeur à l’Université de Luxembourg)

circem-9-10-11avril-fb-actu-1200x900pxv2.jpg

The Globe and Mail reports that BC Corrections has lifted its ban on the Journal of Prisoners on Prisons

The Journal of Prisoners on Prisons features peer-reviewed articles written by current and former prisoners.  Published by the University of Ottawa Press and housed in the Department of Criminology, BC Corrections prevented prisoners under its control from accessing the publication from August 2016 to January 2017.  The ban was rescinded following informal exchanges between BC Corrections and journal editorial staff, including Professor Justin Piché, Vancouver-based Prisoners’ Legal Services and other intervenors.  To learn more about the ban, read the article in the Globe and Mail.

“I’m not glad that the ban was handed down in the first place, but I’m glad that this was able to be resolved reasonably” - Justin Piché

“I’m not glad that the ban was handed down in the first place, but I’m glad that this was able to be resolved reasonably” - Justin Piché

Professor Piché publishes an op-ed in the Ottawa Citizen criticizing Liberal carceral expansion

Justin Piché (Associate Professor) criticizes Liberal carceral expansion in a column that appeared in the Ottawa Citizen today.

''With the federal government promising alternatives to confinement as it invests large sums of cash to expand detention and imprisonment, Canadians should again be asking themselves whether Trudeau’s promise to deliver “real change” was really an empty gesture paving the way for more of the samE" - Justin Piché

''With the federal government promising alternatives to confinement as it invests large sums of cash to expand detention and imprisonment, Canadians should again be asking themselves whether Trudeau’s promise to deliver “real change” was really an empty gesture paving the way for more of the samE" - Justin Piché

Upcoming event on campus examines prison injustices

CRITICAL PUNISHMENT MEMORIALIZATION: 
REPRESENTING PRISON INJUSTICES

Part II
Thursday, April 6, 2017
2:30pm – 5:30pm

Part I
Tuesday, April 4, 2017
9:00am – 11:00am

Room 1042 / Vanier Hall / 1st Floor
University of Ottawa

THE EXHIBITS

This semester, students registered in CRM 4302: Abolitionism and the Criminal Justice System at the University of Ottawa have been preparing exhibits examining prison issues and trends that have generated discussions about the need to expand the use of alternatives to incarceration and/or work towards prison abolition. Each of the exhibits seek to illustrate how the prison issues and trends showcased are currently depicted by abolitionist and/or non-abolitionist prisoners, penal system workers, government agencies, news outlets, and academics to raise questions about who benefits from, and who is harmed by, the deprivation of liberty and the infliction of pain in Canada’s jails, prisons, and penitentiaries.

EXHIBIT THEMES

Mass Incarceration of Indigenous Peoples
Impacts of Incarceration on the Children of Prisoners
Impacts of the Stigma of Criminalization on Prisoner Re-entry
Drug Use in Prison
Mental Health and Care in Prison
Labour by Prisoners and Pay
Solitary Confinement
Use of Force

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT

https://www.facebook.com/CPEPgroup

Sylvie Frigon finaliste pour le prix Espiègle 2017

La professeure Sylvie Frigon (Professeure titulaire) fait partie des finalistes pour le prix Espiègle 2017 remis par l’Association pour la promotion des services documentaires scolaires (APSDS) dans la catégorie « Bibliothèques scolaires du primaire (5 à 11 ans) » avec son livre « C’est où chez nous ? ». La gagnante du prix sera annoncée le 1er avril.

C'est où chez nous? est finaliste pour le prix Espiègle 2017.

C'est où chez nous? est finaliste pour le prix Espiègle 2017.

Le Prix Espiègle met en vedette des livres audacieux, malicieux et qui osent. Ce type de livre est souhaité et nécessaire en bibliothèque scolaire, mais trop souvent absent. L’APSDS fait le pari que les élèves du Québec aspirent à un lieu qui fait réellement confiance en leur capacité à former leur jugement critique et qui leur offre aussi des livres qui sauront les émouvoir, les bouleverser, les déstabiliser. Un lieu de rêve qui offre, sans peur aucune, des livres éclectiques.

La remise de prix aura lieu samedi le 1er avril 2017 de 14 h à 15 h à la Librairie Bric-à-Brac
2011, rue Aylwin, Montréal, QC.

 

David Moffette’s co-authored report cited in debates about the Toronto Sanctuary City Policy

A report on the collaboration between the Toronto Police and the Canada Border Services Agency, co-authored by David Moffette and published last year, is cited in the Toronto Star as new evidence confirms that the city is not living up to it’s pledge to provide access to municipal services to all Torontonians, regardless of immigration status.

Uninhibited violence: The racial dimension of securitization - Institute of criminology and criminal justice winter colloquium

Professor David Moffette (assistant professor) will participate to a discussion on the racial dimension of securitization at the University Carleton, on February 28, 2017.

Time: 3pm-5pm

Location: RB2228 – Richcraft Hall

 

During the spree of racist attacks that followed the election of Trump – and that reached Ottawa – many framed the moment as a break with normal liberal politics. But what is old and new about this violence? And what is the effect of securitizing discourses in shifting how some issues are governed? Summarizing an argument developed with Shaira Vadasaria, Professor Moffette will bring a critical race analysis to existing literature on securitization to engage with these questions. The presentation will address a lacuna in securitization theory and offer a conceptual framework to account for the entanglements between the securitization of immigration and racial violence. Reflecting on the limits of the concept of securitization to account for the normality of racial violence, the presentation will address the framework of racial governmentality and suggest that securitization enables expressions of racial desires already constitutive of colonial modernity. Empirical vignettes will be used to illustrate the argument.